Nicknamed "Wildcats" in recognition of wildcats that inhabited southern states and after Wildcat Creek, which ran near Camp Jackson, S.C., where the unit was mobilized. On the latter date, the Advance Detachment of the division sailed from Hoboken, arriving at Brest on 7 October. For example, by the end of January, 1945, the 47 th Infantry Regiment (which fought in France and Germany) had lost well over 100% of their strength to battle casualties, where men were either killed, wounded . He returned to Corregidor Island under the orders of Major General Marshall in September 1945 to retrieve the bowl from its hidden location. Mjthewiz99 31st JTF . The Division made an assault landing on Morotai, 15 September 1944, meeting only light opposition. The unit was later used to guard allied headquarters and supply lines in liberated territory. The Chinese withdrew after a brief battle. Operating at Quang Ngai, Chu Lai and the Que Son Valley for most of the rest of the war, the 4th Battalion fought to keep Viet Cong guerillas and the People's Army of Vietnam away from the coastal lowlands. Tasked with protecting American citizens and property and preventing refugees and armed Chinese from overwhelming the settlement zone, the 31st remained in Shanghai until hostilities ended in June. As the 1st Marine Division advanced toward Seoul, the 31st moved to the town of Suwon, fifty miles south to prevent North Korean reinforcements from reaching the South Korean capital. Place and date: Near Maglamin, Mindanao, Philippine Islands, 5 June 1945. In 1958, the 2d Battle Group 31st Infantry was formed at Fort Rucker, Alabama, planting the proud regiment's flag on the U.S. homeland for the first time in its history. The 809 member task force was their brigade's main effort and was given the daunting task of establishing the first permanent coalition force presence in the Sunni region south of Baghdad frequently referred to as the "Sunni Triangle of Death. Ray, John F Company, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division 482. , The division headquarters became the headquarters of the 31st Brigade, 30th Armored Division at Tuscaloosa on the next day. Upon receiving orders to withdraw, the task force began heading south toward Marine lines at Hagaru-ri with over 600 wounded loaded in trucks. On 1 July 1923 it was reorganized, less the Arkansas units, and renamed the 31st Division, following the recommendations of a joint board of Regular and Guard officers, due to its allocation to states which raised the 31st Division in World War I. In 1964, the 2d Battle Group was reorganized as the 5th Battalion 31st Infantry which was transferred to Ft.Benning, Georgia in 1967 and reassigned to the 197th Infantry Brigade. The most recent unit designated 31st Infantry is one of a few Regular Army units constituted and organized outside of the United States. With the end of hostilities on 15 August, the 31st and the Philippine Commonwealth military were accomplished the surrender of all Japanese forces remaining in Mindanao. The 31st Infantry Division ("Dixie") was an infantry division of the United States Army National Guard, active almost continuously from 1917 to 1968. . Its Louisiana and Mississippi units were called up to provide emergency relief due to the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 31st Infantry Division Artillery, 31st Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized), Headquarters, Special Troops, 31st Infantry Division, Headquarters Company, 31st Infantry Division, 31st Counterintelligence Corps Detachment. Raymer, Joe US Navy 419. By the end of that same year, the 10th Division became the 31st. In an effort to revive the Eastern Front, secure Allied supply caches and the crucial Trans-Siberian railway, and rescue the beleaguered pro-Western Czechoslovak Legion, Allied leaders convinced President Woodrow Wilson to assist in organizing expeditions to North Russia and Eastern Siberia. In 1974, the 2d Battalion was reactivated at Fort Ord, CA where it remained until its inactivation in 1988. This roster includes Division Headquarters, Division Artillery Headquarters, 736th Ordnance Company, 36th Signal Company, 36th Quartermaster Company, 36th Cavalry Recon Troop, MP Troop, Band, and the entirety of the 141st Infantry Regiment. ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501 A United Nations Unit alongside the 31 I.R. The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears") of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II. For the next 2 years the 31st Infantry performed occupation duty in central Korea, facing the Soviet Army across the 38th Parallel. 3d Battle Group was assigned to the Army Reserve and attached to the 63d Infantry Division. When hostilities broke out in Korea on 25 June 1950, many of the 7th Divisions experienced personnel were reassigned as replacements for divisions already deployed in the Pusan perimeter. by George H. Tracy, Captain 15th Infantry, U.S.A. and A. C. M. 1st Division, 14th Army Corps. Composed of men from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Mississippi at various points in its existence, the division saw service in both World War I and World War II, and was mobilized during the Korean War, although it was not sent overseas in the latter. The 1st Battalion remained in Korea, however, serving there until its inactivation in 1987. His rank was only a Private E-2 during his service in Korea. The Bowl and Cups were found a yard and a half from where Cpt. We were established in 1983 as a member-based, charitable 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The division headquarters (aboard the USS Orizaba), most of the infantry, the 106th Field Signal Battalion, and the 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police sailed between 30 September and 11 October. 1st Battalion remained in Korea until its inactivation in 1987, having never served in the United States. The 56th Field Artillery Brigade sailed with the remaining infantry and trains between 14 and 28 October, and landed at Brest between 25 October and 9 November, except for the 124th Infantry, which landed in England on 24 October. This facebook page is dedicated to the men that served as members of the Dixie. The 106th Engineers and Train were the first to depart from New York on 16 September, arriving in Scotland on 29 September. The 1st Battalion was formed at Regan Barracks, the 2nd at Camp McGrath, and the 3rd at Fort William McKinley. Mobilized during the Korean War, the division served stateside at Camp Atterbury and Camp Carson. The bowl now sits in the headquarters building of the regiment's only remaining battalion: the 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment, at Fort Drum, New York. Captain Short, who was promoted to the rank of major after his release from captivity, returned to Corregidor on the orders of Major General R.J. Marshall, Deputy Chief of Staff, U.S. Armed Forces, Pacific Theater, to find the buried Shanghai Bowl. Disease such as malaria and dysentery became rampant on both sides, particularly the Americans and Filipinos when medical supplies were exhausted. The 4th Armored Division was activated during World War II on 15 April 1941 with 3,800 men (10,000 by the end of May 1941) from various other units, at Pine Camp (Camp Drum, 1951; Fort Drum, 1974), New York under its first Commanding General, Brigadier General Henry W. Baird.. World War II. The Philippine Division was held in reserve around Manila and the Bataan Peninsula to support the beach defense forces if needed and prepare defenses on Bataan and Corregidor Island. Our funding helps to acquire and conserve Army historical art and artifacts, support Army history educational programs, research, and publication of historical materials on the American Soldier, and provide support and counsel to private and governmental organizations committed to the same goals. Total casualties for the regiment amounted to thirty killed and sixty wounded sustained from forty-two engagements in seventeen months. By 21 July, the division fielded 24,000 men, with its officers mostly from the Organized Reserve Corps and the National Army. It was used as school troops for the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia until it was inactivated on 2 March 1944. They landed at Brest between 13 and 21 October, except for the 117th and 118th Machine Gun Battalions and the 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police, which arrived in England on 17 October. Company: Rank: Name: Remarks: Field & Staff: Adjutant: Boynton, Joseph W. Wounded at Stones River, Tennessee on 31 Dec 1862 . Under orders of strict neutrality, American soldiers were not to interfere in Russian internal affairs as stated by President Wilson unless attacked by an armed force. However, the units of the 31st did not begin concentration until 25 August, when Major General Francis Joseph Kernan took command. Of the task force's original complement of nearly 3300 men, only 385 of those who reached Marine lines at Hagaru-ri from the inlet were unwounded. Lacy, Eugene L. US Army 557. Its mission was to prevent allied war material left on Vladivostok's docks from being looted. The 30th Infantry Division was a unit of the Army National Guard in World War I and World War II.It was nicknamed the "Old Hickory" division, in honor of President Andrew Jackson.The Germans nicknamed this division "Roosevelt's SS.".  On 18 July, the War Department designated the National Guard troops of these three states to form the 31st Division. Assigned to the 9th Infantry Division, 6/31 Infantry conducted operations in the Mekong Delta and the Plain of Reeds region near Cambodia for two years. Task Force 431 deployed again to Iraq for 15 months, beginning 16 August 2006. , The division was reorganized postwar in Alabama and Mississippi, with its Alabama part federally recognized at Birmingham on 1 November 1946, followed by the Mississippi part at Greenville on 2 December. , The 31st transferred almost all of its infantry privates and about half of its artillery privates from November to June, including 4,300 who were sent to Camp Merritt. Two of the battalion's members earned the Medal of Honor almost a year apart near the bitterly contested village of Hiep Duc. Alerted on 25 June 1944 for movement to Aitape, New Guinea, the 124th RCT left Oro Bay and landed at Aitape 36 July 1944. By the time of liberation in September 1945, over 1,000 soldiers of the 31st Infantry died in captivity, including most of the regiments officers and senior noncommissioned officers. Screen shot attached. In addition, a large number of troops lost limbs due to frostbite. The division returned to the United States and was inactivated at Camp Stoneman on 21 December. As a result, the 7th Division received 8,000 untrained South Korean civiliansthe first KATUSAs (Korean Augmentation to the U.S. Army)to help bring units up to strength in August. Lada, Mable Strube 813th MAES (Medical Air Evacuation Squadron) 893. The remaining 1,348 officers and men became the core of Alabama troops associated with the Thirty-first Infantry Division. The column was a group of CCF soldiers, which opened fire and mortally wounded MacLean. The division staff, which included men from all four states, conducted joint summer training at Camp McClellan between 1924 and 1926 and 1929 and 1931, Camp Beauregard in 1927, Camp Foster in 1928, and Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in addition to participation in multiple corps area and army command post exercises, including the September 1936 Third Army command post exercise at San Antonio. 31st Division History Book. Citation: He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity. The courageous actions of Sergeant Paine were an inspiration to his comrades and enabled the battalion to complete its mission. Returning to Iraq in May 2006 at the height of the Sunni insurgency, 4/31 Infantry was the core of an 800-strong task force operating in the Sunni Triangle. Working in conjunction with Iraqi security forces, the soldiers of 4/31 Infantry conducted counterinsurgency operations accounting for the capture of approximately 1,500 insurgents. Several men of the 31st who did not surrender managed to link up with other American soldiers and Filipino guerrillas and continued the fight. During the interwar period, the division was organized in accordance with a square organization similar to its World War I structure, although a separate headquarters for Special Troops (Military Police, Signals, Ordnance, and Armor) was created and medical and quartermaster regiments added. The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. They also dissuaded their 40,000 Japanese allies from taking control of Russian territory. . 31st Division (American Expeditionary Forces) 120.9.3 31st Infantry Regiment 98.3.2, 391.5.5 . Reinforcing the 4th Marine Regiment and a predominantly British International Force, the 31st Infantry deployed hastily by sea to protect Shanghai's International Settlement. 6/31 Infantry remained in Vietnam with the divisions 3d Brigade and earned a well-deserved reputation for combat prowess. Location changed 1 February 1979 to Northport, Alabama. 180th Infantry Regiment, per the 29 June 1945 Roster of the. , Elements of the 31st were called up for state duty several times during the interwar period. Most of its personnel were transferred to the 2nd Depot Division as replacements, except for a record cadre numbering 10 officers and 102 men. also has 86 Distinguished Service Crosses. 431 IN returned to Fort Drum at the end of June 2010 in accordance with President Obama's pledge that all combat troops would be out of Iraq by the end of August. NEXT REUNION: 78th Annual Reunion for the Ninth Infantry Division Association. In 2018, 4-31 IN deployed again to Afghanistan for 9 months, spreading out across the country as the Theatre Response Force. For its service in Siberia, the 31st Infantry became known as "the Polar Bear regiment", adopting a silver polar bear as its insignia. When hostilities broke out between Japanese and Chinese forces in Shanghai in early 1932, the 31st Infantry was sent to reinforce the 4th Marine Regiment in the International Settlement of Shanghai. Organized September 1917 at Camp Jackson, SC, from drafts of NC, SC, and FL. Many people don't know that there still is an active Ninth Infantry Division Association. For their service in Shanghai, they received the Yangtze Service Medal (Marines). 2d Battalion was inactivated in Korea in 1971, but was reactivated at Fort Ord, California, in 1974, where it remained until its inactivation in 1988. The 31st, the "Montezuma Regiment," contained one company from Williamsburg and the others were from New York city, where it was mustered into the U. S. service for two years on May 14 and 27 and June 13, 1861. They conducted over 50 air assaults and three amphibious operations, and fired nearly 400 counter-fire artillery missions against enemy forces and in support of troops in contact. Despite starvation, disease, no supplies, obsolete weapons, and often inoperative ammunition, the peninsula's defenders fought the Japanese to a standstill for 4 months, upsetting Japan's timetable for Asia's conquest. Since 1813, three regiments have held the designation 31st Infantry. The 31st Infantry Regiment ("Polar Bears") of the United States Army was formed on 13 August 1916, and was part of USAFFE's Philippine Division during World War II.The unit is rare in that it was formed and has spent most of its life on non-American soil. American major general who commanded the 1st Infantry Division in its assault on Omaha Beach, in the drive across France, at the Hurtgen Forest and in the battle of Aachen. Its headquarters was organized and Federally recognized on 15 October of that year, stationed at St. Augustine, Florida, under the command of Major General Albert H. Blanding of Florida. Moving up the Sayre Highway and driving down the Kibawe-Talomo trail, fighting in knee-deep mud and through torrential rains, the 31st forced the enemy to withdraw into the interior and blocked off other Japanese in the Davao area. On 4 March 1933, the divisional headquarters was relocated to Bartow, Florida. Served under French Army.  In 1984-5 the 31st Armored Brigade comprised the 1st Battalion, 131st Armor Regiment, 1st-152nd Armor, 1st-167th Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion, 117th Field Artillery, E Troop, 31st Cavalry and the 31st Engineer Company. key biscayne triathlon 2022 source: 23rd Anniversary Organization Day, 13 August 1939, http://www.31stinfantry.org/history/past-commanders/ Archived 21 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Last edited on 24 December 2022, at 14:53, Learn how and when to remove this template message, attacked by insurgents in a pre-dawn raid, http://www.31stinfantry.org/history/past-commanders/, United States Army Center of Military History, "The 31st Infantry Regiment The Campaign for the National Museum of the United States Army", Drum's 31st Infantry celebrates a century, "Some veterans angered by events in Afghanistan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=31st_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)&oldid=1129290830, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Luzon 19411942, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Bataan, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Defense of the Philippines, Presidential Unit Citation (Army) Quang Tin Province (Vietnam) (4th Battalion), Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) - Hwechon Reservoir, Valorous Unit Award Que Son-Hiep Duc (4th Battalion), Valorous Unit Award Saigon (6th Battalion), Valorous Unit Award Parrot's Beak (6th Battalion). In 2003, 300 soldiers deployed on security and training missions to Djibouti and Ethiopia in support of Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa. With the end of hostilities on 15 August 1945, the 31st accomplished the surrender of all Japanese forces remaining in Mindanao. Leaving Japan on 11 September, the 31st took part in the successful amphibious landing at Inchon on 16 September. 113 (4 March 1951). La Croix, "Chief" Paratroops 893. The division made an assault landing on Morotai, 15 September 1944, meeting only light opposition. World War II (1939-1945) Korean Conflict (1950-1953) Vietnam . 5 during the Korean War and 2 during the Vietnam War. Medical Units attached to Third United States Army during operations in the E.T.O., dated 1 August 1944. LTC Faith was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for his gallant attempt to lead the command to safety. 114 th FA, Camp Shelby, Miss., 12/10/1942. Once in France, the 31st was planned to become the seventh depot division, a cadre formation responsible for processing replacements. HARR, Harry R. [posthumously] Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company D, 124th Infantry, 31st Infantry Division. , Under the National Defense Act of 1920, the 39th Division was allotted to Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi, part of IV Corps, in 1921.  Meanwhile, in Alabama and Mississippi, units of the National Guard of the United States were organized to replace those on active duty, including a NGUS division headquarters at Birmingham on 26 June 1953. The Shanghai Bowl has become a very important symbol of the lineage of the 31st Infantry Regiment. The 31st RCT was comprised of 2d and 3d Battalions of the 31st Infantry (2/31 Infantry, 3/31 Infantry; 1st Battalion, 32d Infantry (1/32 Infantry); 57th Field Artillery Battalion; and 31st Tank Company. "On 20 May, the Regiment was incorporated under the Dachau Area. As fighting raged around the 3/31 Infantrys perimeter, MacLean spotted an approaching column coming under American fire. The division was composed of the 4th, 7th, 30th, and 38th Infantry Regiments, the 10th, 18th, and 76th FA Regiments, and the 6th Engineer Regiment, with a total of 28,000 men. Focusing on the defense of Luzon in the event of a Japanese invasion, the Philippine Division was the nucleus of a largely Filipino defense force. Command. The 31st Infantry was far from finished. The 31st Infantry was reconstituted on 19 January 1946 from the personnel of the 184th Infantry Regiment, California National Guard, and attached to the 7th Infantry Division in Korea during the Allied occupation. In mid-August the division began to stage for a landing on Morotai, leaving Aitape and Maffin Bay, 11 September 1944. May be continuation of #43. Sergeant Paine located several enemy positions on a hillside from which automatic-weapons and small-arms were firing. It was originally activated as the 10th, a division established in early 1917 consisting of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia national guardsmen. The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. When MG King announced he would surrender the Bataan Defense Force on 9 April 1942, the 31st Infantry buried its colors and the cherished Shanghai Bowl to keep them out of enemy hands. See 049. The combat team moved up to advanced positions and took part in the general offensive . This section includes the entirety of the 142nd Infantry Regiment and the first part of the 143rd . Working daily with their sister Iraqi Army battalion to re-establish the rule of law and the legitimacy of local Iraqi forces to the area, Task Force 431 became a model vehicle of contemporary counterinsurgency theory and practice. The two battalions destroyed fourteen enemy tanks, six antitank guns, several mortars, inflicted over 300 North Korean casualties, and secured the Suwon-Osan corridor. In May 2004, the Polar Bears again deployed with the 2nd BCT in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. By December 1919, the Kolchak regime collapsed and White Russian forces were in disarray. Due to the chaos of the Russian Revolution in late 1917 and the disintegration of the Eastern Front in early 1918, Russia descended into civil war and anarchy. location of the Company HQ on a map. The 156th Infantry Regiment of the Louisiana National Guard was separated from the 31st Division on 14 July 1942. In 1995, the 4th Battalion was inactivated at Fort Sill and reactivated as part of the 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, New York the following April. Of the original fifty officers and 1,000 soldiers of the 3/31 Infantry during the Chosin operation, only two officers and 100 enlisted men reached the coast. On 5 April 1944, the 154th Infantry was disbanded and its personnel and equipment used to reactivate the 124th Infantry Regiment. In wake of the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, 4th Battalion participated in Operation NOBLE EAGLE, protecting critical infrastructure in Maryland. When Chinese troops swept down from Manchuria, they surrounded a task force led by the 31st Infantry's commander, COL Allan MacLean. When the Vietnam War came, two more battalions of the 31st Infantry were formed. The 106th Sanitary Train, which had remained at Brest, relocated to Camp de Souge on 25 November, and thence to the American Embarkation Center at Le Mans in December, where it was skeletonized. It returned to the United States in December and was demobilized in January 1919. On 1 February 1932, the regiment was ordered to Shanghai, China, arriving on 4 February. , On 1 September, the 31st was reorganized in accordance with the tables of organization of 8 August, which called for a square division with four infantry regiments. The unit is rare in that it was formed and has spent most of its life on non-American soil. There it rebuilt, retrained, and refitted and was soon back in combat, stopping the Chinese at Chechon, South Korea and participating in the counteroffensive to retake central Korea. In March 2003, B Company, 4th Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in order to conduct base defense and combat operations for (combined joint special operations task force-AP) CJSOTF- Arabian Peninsula. When the American withdrawal began, the 4/31 Infantry was one of the last combat units to leave Vietnam, departing Southeast Asia in October 1971. stephen scherr family; nigel jones philadelphia. The New York State National Guard Division was officially designated the 27th Infantry Division on July 20th, 1917. According to the 5 May 1917 organization plan of National Guard divisions, the Alabama, Florida, and Georgia guard units were to form the 10th Division, though it was not organized at the time. In 1968 the division was eliminated, with its units becoming part of the 30th Armored Division. . He was born in Florida and my father tells me he thinks he was in the 31st Infantry 7th Division Company B, 4th platoon, Heavy Weapons Mortar Assistant on a 60mm tube. Support Aircraft Party 30 for Mindanao Campaign, dtd 07/23/1945. The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. 1/32 Infantry, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Don C. Faith, was also attacked, but held its ground thanks to air support by Marine F4U Corsairs. Five of those soldiers, all belonging to D/4-31, were killed on 12 May 2007 when their observation post was attacked by insurgents in a pre-dawn raid. , The division headquarters, the 61st and 62nd Brigades, the 116th Battalion, and 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police were skeletonized early in November. As American and Filipino forces on Bataan surrendered to the Japanese on 9 April, remnants of the 31st escaped to Corregidor aboard the gunboat USS Mindanao, with the regimental colors and the prized Shanghai Bowl. The large silver punch bowl and its matching cups were made in 1932 by a Shanghai silversmith, fashioned from approximately 1,600 silver US Trade Dollars that were collected from the officers of the unit. Several hundred 31st Infantry survivors managed to make it across the frozen reservoir to the Marines' lines the night of 1 December and the next day, and accompanied the Marines in their fighting withdrawal from the Chosin to Hungnam from 111 December 1950. 45th Infantry Division. Raymond B Company, 601st Tank Destroyer Battalion 382. U. S. ARMY 31ST INFANTRY (DIXIE DIVISION) - The 31st Infantry Division was a unit of the Army National Guard in World War I and World War II. From Maryland to Kuwait, Qatar and Uzbekistan the 31st protected American forces and facilities from terrorist attack. The division was organized as a full Armored Division in May and June 1942 under the command of . On 15 December 1941, the 124th Infantry Regiment of the Florida National Guard was relieved from assignment to the 31st Division. Comprised of soldiers from the 8th, 13th, 15th, and 27th Infantry Regiments, the 31st was formed on 13 August 1916 at Fort William McKinley in Manila, the capital of the Philippines. However, with the threat of war looming in the Pacific, General Douglas MacArthur, who was the military adviser to the Philippine government, began instituting a program for national defense and augmentation of the Philippine armed forces.  The 31st Infantry Division was transferred to Fort Carson, Colorado in February 1954 from Camp Atterbury. Following service in China, the 31st returned to Manila and the monotony of garrison duty. After service in Siberia, the 31st returned to garrison duty in Manila and became the nucleus of the newly activated Philippine Division, comprised of the 31st Infantry, two regiments of Philippine Scouts, and division artillery, in June 1921. The 61st included the 5th Georgia Infantry, separate Georgia infantry companies, and detachments of the 1st and 2nd Georgia and 1st Florida Regiments of Infantry; the 62nd included the 1st Alabama and 2nd Florida Infantry, and detachments of the 1st Florida and 1st Georgia Regiments of Infantry and of the 1st Alabama Cavalry; the 56th included detachments of the Georgia Field Artillery, the 1st Florida, 1st Georgia, and 2nd Alabama Regiments of Infantry, and of the 1st Alabama Cavalry. The 31st incurred heavy casualties by the time it rejoined the main defensive line at Abucay on 9 January. 31 st Inf Div History, 06/01/1945. After arriving at Camp Merritt on 20 December, they moved to Camp Gordon on 1 January 1919, where the record cadre and 56th Brigade demobilized on 14 January.